The History of the Bunkers

The History of the Bunkers in Albania

The concrete bunkers of Albania are a ubiquitous sight in the country, with an average of 5.7 bunkers for every square kilometre (14.7 per square mile).

The bunkers were built during the communist government of Enver Hoxha from the 1960 to the 1980 by 1983 a total of 750.000 concrete bunkers had been constructed around the country.

Enver Hoxha’s program of “bunkerization” resulted in the construction of bunkers in every corner of the People’s Socialist Republic of Albania, ranging from mountain passes to city streets.

The most beautiful thing is that these bunkers were never used and imagine if with the money we spent on the construction of bunkers, could be built schools, roads, hospitals.

The cost of constructing them was a drain on Albania’s resources, diverting them away from more pressing needs, such as dealing with the country’s housing shortage and poor roads.


One of the most famous bunker stories is the story of one of the engineers who worked on the construction of the bunkers.

Enver Hoxha (our leader) in the period when he decided to build bunkers was transformed into a maniac because he thought that one of his close friends would take his power or some imperialist state, like USA, UK, Italy, Greece, would attack Albania and for this reason decided to take measures for protection and ordered one of engineers to build a strong object to resist shell attacks and the engineer built it.


Enver Hoxha went to see for himself the work of the engineer.

Enver Hoxha was impressed by the shape of the bunker like a mushroom and he ask the engineer if the bunker was strong and could withstand the shells.

The engineer provided Enver Hoxha for the high level of his bunker and Enver Hoxha looked him in the eye and ordered him to enter it and ordered a tank to shoot the bunker with the engineer inside of it.

Everyone was shocked but the leader’s word was an order and so it happened.

The tank fired the bunker and shell did not cause even the slightest scratch to the bunker.

The engineer came out as a hero but a few months later he was arrested and he spent 8 years of his life in prison just because he was good at his job and Enver Hoxha hated these people because our leader himself, never managed to finish University.

The bunkers were abandoned following the collapse of communism in 1990. Most are now derelict, though some have been reused for a variety of purposes including, coffee shop , storehouses, and shelters for animals, tattoo shop, Fast Food.

Welcome to Albania

Bunkers in Albania

The Pyramid of Tirana

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